Labor force male/female ratio: 3/1 Manufacturers began to put more effort into supplying the wartime needs of Europe, creating shortages at home. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Prime rate: 0.6% Rural dwellers moved to the cities to work in factories. This book explores the major cultural forms of 1940s America: fiction and non-fiction, music and radio, film and theatre, and serious and popular visual arts. Men were being sent overseas and women were being sent to the factories. Native American Culture and History In 1940 Hitler invades Norway, Denmark (April 9), the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg (May 10), and France (May 12). When you look at them you can tell that late ’40s cars were the baby stages of the awesome ’50s cars we love so much. "The 1940s Lifestyles and Social Trends: Overview In this lesson, we will explore American postwar culture. College Degrees Anticommunism in the 1950s. ICONS: Mount Rushmore, World War II, Mach 1. Though prosperity brought new moral challenges, all the major U.S. religious groups gained strength in the 1940s. Clothing manufacturers made uniforms for the military. Sporting events all around the world were disrupted by World War II. World War II and its Impact With Our Culture It is almost impossible to explain how much of an impact the war had on all aspects of life. . », 1940s Sports: History, Facts, MVPs & Champions ». The 1940s Lifestyles and Social Trends: Overview. The consequences of the war lingered well into the second half of the decade, with a war-weary Europe divided between the jostling spheres of influence of the Western world and the Soviet Union, leading to the beginning of the Cold Wa During the 1940s, Americans knew all about jive talk and slang!Find more slang from the 1920s, 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s right here in CULTUREIFY.COM The Legendary Microwave Boss Lady - October 1, 2020 Even though they were beasts, cars in the 1940s typically got between 15 and 20 MPG. . Today, the most common popular vision of the American family during the 50s is that of a nuclear family, with the woman as full-time housewife and mother, the man as provider and authority, and their children sheltered and innocent. Car sales: 3,767,300 Life Expectancy: Male (60.8), Female (68.2) What did people wear in the 1940s? Gernreich's family came from the nonreligious Je…, CLOTHING INDUSTRY. After the war, these savings fueled a period of consumerism more intense than any other in history. Shortages affected men's fashion even more dramatically. Research 1940s clothing styles, trends & history with our year-by-year timeline & 50+ pictures. CULTUREIFY. Rice Krispies adopted the phrase “Snap! Throughout the eighteenth century, clothing manufacture—from the raising of the raw materials, through the spinning and weaving, t…, Chanel, Coco https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/culture-magazines/1940s-lifestyles-and-social-trends-overview, "The 1940s Lifestyles and Social Trends: Overview By the 1940s, post-WWII, consumerism and first wave feminism started to play a role in the American Dream, and by the 1950s the American Dream had encompassed the ideas of futurism and opportunity. U.S. Population: 132,122,000 But even before that, the war had made an impact on American life. Bacon: 27 cents per pound At the end of World War II, American soldiers returned home to a country quite different from the one they had left four years earlier. Share your love for The 1940s: A World At War. Search the RetroWaste database for all things vintage!! Instead, they bought war bonds or saved in other ways. The Korean War. Wartime jobs paid well, so many Americans found themselves better off than ever before. Post WWII optimism and the rise of the late 1940’s American suburb. In order to use less fabric, clothes became tighter and more versatile. A clear overview of the major cultural forms of 1940s America: fiction and non-fiction (specifically newspapers and magazines), music and radio, film and theatre, serious and popular visual arts… After discussing the dominant ideas that inform the 1940s the book culminates with a chapter on the 'culture of war'. The 1940s: A World At War The 1940s got swallowed up in World War II. In 1948, Jackie Robinson became the first African American to break the color barrier in Major League Baseball. Post-War American Life: Culture of the late 1940s & 1950s 8:10 7:14 Next Lesson. – Car accidents: 26.2, Unemployed: 8,120,000 American bacteriologist William A. Hinton (1883–1959) is promoted to Clinical Professor att he Harvard University Medical School, the first Black professor in the history of the university. Rubber soles were a luxury. Sponsored by the Center for American Studies and the Heyman Center for the Humanities. Crackle! Pop Culture Goes to War Hollywood stars, radio personalities and the musicians enlisted in the war effort, as well, both on the frontlines and on the Home Front. In 1945, the atomic bomb was first tested in New Mexico. – Heart: 485 "The first work I had after the Depression was at a shell-loading plant in Viola, Kentucky. After the war ended, clothes became more luxurious. Email. They included millions of women, ethnic minorities, and teenagers. In reaction to the tumult both at home and abroad during the 1940s, the 1950s marked a swift shift to a new type of domesticity. Many women stayed in the workforce when the war ended, but the emphasis was on home, family, and traditional values. During the 1940s, Americans knew all too intimately the darkest hours of World War II and its devastating effects–as well as the celebrations of unrestrained jubilation that followed victory. Popular Culture 1940s The late 30's and The war in the 40's changed many things and one of those was how black sportsmen became popular heroes and paved the way for future generations, these included Joe Louis (Boxer), Jesse Owens (Runner) and Jackie Robinson (Baseball Player). – Farm: 23.2% The 1940s Lifestyles and Social Trends: Overview The United States did not enter World War II (1939–45) until after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Cars were large, powerful, and streamlined. Yet wartime shortages meant that Americans at home had very little on which to spend their money. GERNREICH, RUDI In contrast with Americans’ romanticized historical memory of the postwar period, the cultural history of the 1950s was complex. U*X*L American Decades. Chanel, Coco Hemlines were made differently to save material. Most Americans first heard about Pearl Harbor through pupular culture when a news flash broke into a music program on the radio networks. By 1941, raw materials such as steel, rubber, nylon, silk, oil, and fabrics were in short supply. Sports balls were made of inferior rubber. These laws and behaviors created strictly segregated barriers, and discrimination pervaded most areas of life. But because most producers of clothes for men were making military uniforms, it was almost impossible to buy a new suit after 1942. The affluence of the 1950s resulted in large part from technological advances made during the war. The boundaries of social and political hierarchy were delineated by the clothes one wore, and throughout the early-modern period sump…, Gernreich, Rudi For American women, a style called the New Look brought full skirts and soft, feminine curves to fashion. However, the date of retrieval is often important. In the 1950s, financial prosperity allowed young Americans to participate in a shared culture of rock and roll music, movies, and television. Most of the Nisei did not want to remain on family farms or in the roadside vegetable business and with the strong encouragement of their parents obtained high school, and in many cases, university educations. Divorces per 1,000: 2.0 Many baseball players and other celebrities went to war, and much of American culture was focused around it. Social welfare: $8.8 billion Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Federal budget: $13.2 billion Automobile manufacturers gradually converted their factories to build airplanes, tanks, and other military vehicles. Ohhhh, yeah, beat me daddy eight to the bar!The 1940s slang words reflected the era, too. Women's clothing was tailored and elegant, but dresses and suits in wartime were kept simple. Pop!” to describe the sound it makes when you pour milk on it. Round steak: 36 cents per pound Suits were simple, two-piece garments, with squared-off shoulders. – Doctorates: Male (2,861), Female (429) Rather than splitting the decade at 1945, Jacqueline Foertsch argues persuasively that the 1940s should be taken as a whole, seeking out links between wartime and postwar American culture. "—Mae Ngai, Columbia University "A cartographer of social interstices, Matthew Briones illuminates the racial borderlands of 1940s America. Patriotic conservative organization seeking to improve the public image of "Germanity" and to publicize contributions to American culture made by German Americans. The 1940s were like no other time in U.S. history. This latest addition to Greenwood's American Popular Culture Through History series is an invaluable contribution to the study of American popular culture. And all of the Beatles were born in the ’40s. But it was also a result of Americans' desire to rebuild a stable, more secure society for themselves and their children. Sophisticated, rigorous, and deeply humane, Jim and Jap Crow is a fresh consideration of American politics in the middle decades of the twentieth century. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Encyclopedia.com. Most of World War II took place in the first half of the decade, which had a profound effect on most countries and people in Europe, Asia, and elsewhere. The 1940s have emerged as a new and popular decade for writers; this cultural history, brief but well written, serves as a fine introduction to the period. In the beginning of the 1940s, America was in the midst of World War II. GNP: $99.7 billion Rudi Gernreich was born on 8 August 1922 in Vienna and died in 1985. Suicides per 100,000: 14.4 Buildings were simpler and more efficient, while furniture became less elaborate and more functional. https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/culture-magazines/1940s-lifestyles-and-social-trends-overview, The 1910s Lifestyles and Social Trends: Topics in the News. The 1940s got swallowed up in World War II. More than anything else, Americans wanted to put the war behind them and enjoy the benefits of victory. "The 1940s Lifestyles and Social Trends: Overview Korean War overview. Into a … Labor leader Cesar Chavez sported zoot suit attire in his younger years. – Bachelors: Male (109,000), Female (77,000) WWII drastically effected the entire automotive industry. 12 Jan. 2021 . These groups had never worked together before, so there was often tension between them. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. 1950s America. The average age for women to marry was 20, divorce rates stabilized and the birthrate doubled. In some cases, rationing was the only way to ensure that all citizens get access to things needed for survival. Strikes: 2,508 After work, American men relaxed in comfortable slacks, sweaters, and sportswear. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Glittering skyscrapers expressed the confident mood of corporate America, while sprawling new suburbs offered home ownership to the expanding middle class. American designer 1940s Cars: Classic, Sports & Luxury Cars », 1940s Fashion: Clothing Styles & Trends », 1940s Music: What Did People Listen To? POP Culture: 1940. The original company or artist retains all copyrights. After approximately 14 years, carving at Mount Rushmore concludes in October 1941. Postwar consumerism was even stronger because of the shortages that had occurred earlier. Churchill becomes Britain’s prime minister. Many items we take for granted today were rationed, meaning you could only buy the amount the government allowed. Butter: 36 cents per pound Instead of facing shortages like most people, the movie industry in the 1940s was well supported by the government thanks to its morale boosting qualities. Jimmy Stewart was a huge star in the ’40s. The U.S. government put limits on the amount of fabric available for civilian clothes. (January 12, 2021). Orson Welles directed the groundbreaking film, Citizen Kane, in 1941. The 1940 and 1944 Olympic Games were cancelled because of the war. Now let's have some fun! Family: Married Irving D. Harris, 1943. Marvel Comics introduces superhero Captain America in March 1941. Phonographs were finally affordable. – Urban/rural: 74/57 Marriages per 1,000: 12.1 We will learn what life was like throughout the late 1940s and the 1950s by highlighting important cultural trends. Deaths per 100,000: All images, videos and any other multimedia shown on RetroWaste is in fair use context. . Movies were pumped out, fashion changed drastically and sports got all of their athletes back. Many baseball players and other celebrities went to war, and much of American culture was focused around it. In 1944, multi-talented singer-actor Bing Crosby won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in the movie Going My Way. Everywhere, designs reflected the confidence of a wealthy nation building its new identity as a world leader. To make up for a lack of adornments, women wore hats and high heels, and carried long, flat leather handbags. Shortages also changed the way civilian goods were designed. Ingrid Bergman won an Academy Award in 1944 for her portrayal of Paula Alquist Anton in the movie Gaslight. Average salary: $1,299, Homicides per 100,000: 6.3 There was a huge increase in financial contributions, and church building expanded rapidly. ... One of the basic changes that occurred in the culture of America in the post-war years were typified by custom built housing such as Levittown, where new attitudes were taking hold. The Counter-Culture of Post-War America; Go to Post-War World (1946-1959) Ch 9. While racism was still very present, the integration movement had made some progress in the wake of World War II. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Facing the Abyss: American Literature and Culture in the 1940s. (1883-1971) Pockets, frills, and unnecessary buttons disappeared. But after the war, everyone’s spirits focused once again on extravagance and pop culture. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Many 1940s toys had a military twist. Velcro was invented in 1948 in Switzerland by George deMestral. Attendance U*X*L American Decades. Bread: 8 cents per loaf Now remember the time period, this is 1940s, so World War II was raging in the east, and that will affect a lot in this area of the American culture. Post WWII, cars started becoming very big and luxurious. – Tuberculosis: 40 Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra & Perry Como did very well in the 40s. This site does not claim ownership in any way. Thus, white northerners viewed African-Americans as unfamiliar at best and often, as undesirable. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Hepburn’s high-waisted slacks and button-down shirt off-screen look bordered on a uniform and epitomized the emerging “American look” in the 1940s. The 1940s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1940, and ended on December 31, 1949. My mother, my si…, The 1940s Lifestyles and Social Trends: Headline Makers, The 1940s Lifestyles and Social Trends: For More Information, The 1940s Lifestyles and Social Trends: Chronology, The 1940s Government, Politics, and Law: Topics in the News, The 1940s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview, The 1940s Government, Politics, and Law: Headline Makers, The 1940s Government, Politics, and Law: For More Information, The 1940s Government, Politics, and Law: Chronology, The 1940s Education: For More Information, The 1940s Business and the Economy: Topics in the News, The 1940s Business and the Economy: Overview, The 1940s Business and the Economy: Headline Makers, The 1940s Business and the Economy: For More Information, The 1940s Business and the Economy: Chronology, The 1940s Arts and Entertainment: Topics in the News, The 1940s Arts and Entertainment: Overview, The 1940s Arts and Entertainment: Headline Makers, The 1940s Lifestyles and Social Trends: Topics in the News, The 1940s Medicine and Health: Chronology, The 1940s Medicine and Health: For More Information, The 1940s Medicine and Health: Headline Makers, The 1940s Medicine and Health: Topics in the News, The 1940s Science and Technology: Chronology, The 1940s Science and Technology: For More Information, The 1940s Science and Technology: Headline Makers, The 1940s Science and Technology: Overview, The 1940s Science and Technology: Topics in the News, The 1950s Arts and Entertainment: Chronology, The 1950s Arts and Entertainment: For More Information, The 1950s Arts and Entertainment: Headline Makers, The 1950s Arts and Entertainment: Overview, The 1950s Arts and Entertainment: Topics in the News. 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